Frequently Asked Question about Baguio

Brief History 

During the Spanish Era, the Spaniards were the first to explore in the area and were able to establish order, build churches and schools, made trails and introduce coffle during their long occupation in Benguet.

When the Americans came early in 1900, they established a government and appointed a governor for Benguet and Baguio City as the capital.  It was then the first provincial government in the Philippines, a year prior to the inauguration of the civil government of the Philippines.

After the growth and developments were made by the Americans, an outbreak of war was brought by Japanese occupants in 1941.  However in 1945 the Japanese surrendered to the Americans then right away rehabilitation were made. And the unforgettable history of the City was on July 16, 1990 getting struck with an earthquake at a magnitude of 7.7. It devastated the city’s infrastructures, buildings and its populace. Four years after the great earthquake, Baguio City has recovered and is standing firm and proud for its restored heritage.

Here are some more Frequently Asked and General Information about Baguio City.

What is the average temperature of Baguio City?

The weather in the city is in the average of 15 degrees Celsius on cool temperature and 23 degrees Celsius on hot temperature. Earlier this year, Baguio City set another record of coldness at 7.2 degrees Celsius.

What is the population of Baguio City Philippines?

As of June 2016, the Census for the population of Baguio city showed more than 1.72 Million which gradually increased since 2010.

Why Baguio is the summer capital of the Philippines?

Officially name by the Philippine Commission, because of its high altitudes.


How big is Baguio City?

The city covers a small area of 57.5 square kilometers (22.2 sq mi).


Is Baguio City a part of Benguet?

Baguio City belongs to the province of Benguet, geographically.  But it became independent from the said province since it was declared as a chartered city.


Is Baguio north or south?

This City is at Northern part of the Philippines and is lies on North of Luzon.


How many barangays are there in Baguio City?

There are 129 barangays in Baguio City. Barangay Irisan is the most populous covering 8.9% of the whole city and followed by Asin Road which is at 3.6%.

What is the region of Benguet?

Benguet with Baguio City lies in the territory of the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) of the Philippines. It consists of six provinces and one city which are Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Apayao and Baguio City as the regional

What is the province of Baguio?

Originally, Baguio City was the capital of Benguet province as part of its territory. But since it became an independent chartered city, your address will end Baguio City.

What is the zip code of Baguio City, Philippines?

The Zip code or Postal code of Baguio City is 2600 and the area code is 74.


What is Igorot?

An Indigenous people who lives in the Cordillera Mountains located in the northern part of the Philippine island of Luzon.  They are the natives of the Cordillera region.

How high is Baguio City?

The average elevation is 5,000 feet above sea level and the altitude ranges from 950 to 1650m

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